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120101 | Infrastructure Planning – Town Framework | Cornwall Council

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Fundamental  to  the  future  regeneration/growth  of  the  Hayle  area  will  be  its 
supporting infrastructure. Work is on-going to understand the impact of the proposed
growth  and  what  mitigation  will  be  required.  In  the  interim  we  are  looking  at  the 
implications  of  2,000  new  dwellings  being 
provided  –  this  is  unlikely  to  be  the  final 
figure - and in using this figure it will help us plan infrastructure up to or beyond the
Core Strategy timeframe.

Assessments  are  being  undertaken  to  assess  the  impact  of  the 
growth proposals on the highway network.  This work will assist in identifying where
potential  problems  will  occur  and  will  form  the  basis  of  developing  the  transport 
strategy  for  Hayle  and  St  Ives  that  will  support  the  predicted  levels  of  housing  and 
employment growth. 

The  proposed  levels  of  growth  for  these  towns  indicate  that  a  number  of  junctions 
would  be  under  increased  pressure  from  what  is  currently  experienced  at  Loggans 
Moor and North Quay.   Additional parking and congestion pressures are experienced
especially in St Ives by visitors during key visitor months.  

With the levels of growth proposed, problems would occur at the B3301 through Hayle
(Carwin  Rise,  North  Quay),  the  A3074  through  St  Ives  (Porthrepta  Road  and  Higher 
Tregenna) and A30 St Erth.  Recommendations from the Shoreline Management Plan
(related to projected sea level rise) would also require consideration for the managed
retreat from the Causeway/Griggs Quay at the west of Hayle by 2025.  

The  transport  measures  that  will  be  brought  forward  as  part  of  a  comprehensive 
transport  strategy  for  the  towns  will  be  based  on  the  policies  set  out  in  Connecting 
Cornwall:  2030.    Connecting  Cornwall  is  the  third  Local  Transport  Plan  for  Cornwall 
and  sets  out  a  20  year  transport  vision  to  align  with  the  Core  Strategy.    The 
overarching principle in Connecting Cornwall is the need to support a switch to more sustainable  modes  of  travel  such  as  bus  and  walking  and  cycling  thus  relieving  pressure on the highway network.

In terms of transportation the following intervention measures may be required or are
already planned:

  • Highway  network  -  Initial  mitigation  measures  have  been  considered  to  ease
    the  predicted  pressure  at  the  junctions  indicated  above.    These  include, 
    additional  lanes  on  the  Carwin  rise  double-mini  roundabout  and  a  change  to 
    traffic signal control or roundabout at North Quay, Porthrepta Road and Higher
    Tregenna.    The  existing  roundabout  at  St  Erth  could  be  improved  through 
    signalisation to create gaps for vehicles from A3074 and The Causeway.   Also
    provision  of  a  grade  separated  junction 
    to  provide  access  to  the  A30  from  the 
    B3302 near Tolroy, so traffic does not have to come through Hayle.
  • Rail – Station enhancements at Hayle to improve facilities and access are being
    considered  to  improve  opportunities  for  rail  travel  to  and  from  the  town. 
    Through the Greater Western refranchise in 2013, a half hourly all day service
    between Penzance to Exeter will be promoted to ensure that main line links are
    improved  and  opportunities  to  travel  by  rail  are  maximised.      St  Ives  has  a 
    good  rail  link  from  St  Erth,  which  is  well  used  during  the  summer  and  will 
    benefit  further  from  proposals  for  half  hourly  services  on  the  mainline.    The 
    proposed Park and Ride at St Erth will have a considerable impact on the issues
    of seasonal traffic congestion in the town.


  • Bus - Good public transport links currently exist between Hayle and St Ives and
    Carbis  Bay,  settlements  in  rural  areas  and  to  other  key  urban  destinations, 
    which  we  want  to  build  upon  with  the  transport  strategies  for  the  towns.
    Encouraging  more  people  to  make  trips  by  bus  is  central  to  the  Connecting
    Cornwall  strategy  and  will  be  key  to  mitigating  the  impact  of  growth  in  the 
    towns.    For  communities  the  size  of  Hayle  and  St  Ives  this  could  include  15
    minute  bus  services  to  the  most  popular  destination  and  half  hourly  to  other
    key  destinations.    High  quality  vehicles,  good  connections  with  other  modes 
    such  as  rail  and  real  time  information  will  also  form  part  of  the  bus  network
    improvements that will support the proposed growth.
  • Walking  and  cycling  – Hayle  already  boasts  a  healthy  walking  and  cycling 
    population due in part to its gentle topography and the short distances involved
    in  moving  around  the  centre.  The  National  Cycle  Network  Route  3  (Cornish 
    Way)  also  travels  through  the  town  hugging  the  shoreline.  Greater  priority  for 
    pedestrians and cyclists and improvements to the town network by constructing
    resilient  and  well  connected  links  between  and  through  existing  and  new
    residential developments to services, school’s, the hospital and train station and
    visitor  attractions  will  encourage  people  to  travel  more  actively.  Further 
    dedicated  provision  for  pedestrians  and  cyclists  towards  the  St  Erth  Station 
    Transport  Interchange  and  for  users  of  the  South  West  Coast  Path  towards
    Lelant and Carbis Bay will also improve the conditions for more vulnerable road
    users  in  St  Ives  by  helping  combat  congestion  in  the  popular  summer  months  and increase opportunities to access education and employment.
  • Demand  management  –  Supporting  a  switch  from  the  private  car  to  public
    transport, walking and cycling will require a review of the parking stock in the
    towns and particularly the balance of long and short stay spaces.  For St Ives,
    reviewing  the  location  and  balance  of  long  stay  parking  to  help  support  a
    reduction  in  traffic  through  the  town,  supported  by  the  St  Erth  Park  and  Ride
    will be a key issue.  Robust residential and employer travel plans will be integral to achieving modal shift.

The  measures  set  out  above  will  be  tested  as  part  of  the  transport  strategy 
development  once  the  growth  levels  and  locations  are  confirmed.    While  solutions 
could  be  delivered  at  the  junctions  to  help  mitigate  the  impact  of  growth,  it  will  be 
essential that these are delivered in conjunction with a switch from the private car use
to  more  sustainable  forms  of  transport  in  order  to  ensure  that  conditions  do  not 
deteriorate significantly from what is experienced today.

Primary  Education: 
Bodriggy  and  Penpol  are  the  primary  schools  serving  Hayle.  They currently have the capacity to accommo
date 610 pupils. It is estimated that the  proposed  development  (i.e.  1  primary  age  pupil  per  9  new  dwellings)  will  raise  the  number  of  primary  school  age  pupils  by  about  220.  Options  are  being  considered  to 
increase  capacity  in  Hayle  in  the  short  term  by  increasing  capacity  at  Penpol  or 
Bodriggy primary schools. A review of capacity for the longer term will be undertaken
once growth proposals for the area are identified.

Secondary Education:
Hayle Community School is the secondary school serving the
town  and  has  a  capacity  to  accommodate  770  pupils.  A  surplus  of  120  places  is 
anticipated  by  2014  which  means  that  the  school  should  be  able  to  accommodate 
additional pupils generated by large-scale housing growth within existing provision in
the  short-term.  A  review  of  capacity  for  the  longer  term  will  be  undertaken  once 
growth proposals for the area are identified.


Specialist  &  Safeguarding:  this  encompasses  special  education  needs,  disability 
and  Inclusion;  social  work  and  family  support.  A  need  has  been  identified  in  the  ex 
Penwith area for:


  • A nurture unit to support children with challenging behaviour at Key Stages 1 and 2
  • A resource base to support children with severe and complex learning difficulties at Key Stages 2, 3 and 4
  • Support for hearing impaired children
  • New play facilities for disabled children within the Aiming High agenda
  • Co-location premises for family support.

Water  Supply: 
Residents  in  the  Hayle  area fall  under  the  Colliford  Strategic  Supply 
Area.  Generally,  the  proposed  levels  of  growth  are  able  to  be  accommodated  within 
existing clean water supply systems.

Sewage:  Waste  water  treatment  works  for  Hayle  are  located  just  outside  the  town. 
There  are  a  couple  of  hydraulic  overloads already  in  existence  in  the  Hayle  area, 
together  with  some  saline  infiltration  issues.  Sewers  drain  to  Hayle  (main  works  for 
the area) and the level of growth proposed in the area would mean some upgrading
at these works but there is room to accommodate this.

Gas:  Properties  in  Hayle  have  access  to  a  mains  gas  supply  network.  Information  is 
currently unavailable on how the proposed levels of growth will impact on gas supply,
and further work is underway.

Drainage  and  Flood  Risk  &  Mitigation: In  terms  of  drainage,  flood  risk  & 
mitigation, the following studies/works are proposed or planned:

  • Hayle River flood banks

The Council is continuing to work with the Environment Agency and South West Water
to further assess what flood risk mitigation, surface water drainage, foul drainage and
treatment infrastructure would be required.

Electricity:  The  33kV/132kV  substation  at  Hayle is  on  the  132kV  ring  circuit  below 
Indian  Queens.  This  132kV  ring  circuit  is   recognised  as  requiring  replacement  and 
upgrade to a 400kV within the next ten years. Information is currently unavailable on
how  the  proposed  levels  of  growth  will  impact  on  electricity  supply.    The  Council  is 
also  working  on  exploring  opportunities to  deliver  decentralised  renewable  or  low 
carbon energy sources to both existing and proposed developments. Large proposals
in Hayle will be considered within this context.

Green Space: work on a green infrastructure (GI) assessment is underway for Hayle
as  part  of  the  Framework  Plan.  This  study  will  identify  important  green  links  within 
and around the town and enhancements to important habitats. The study will identify
the quality of publicly accessible green space in Hayle including the amount of sports
pitches and play space. The quality of the existing facilities may need to be improved
whilst providing additional space to cater for the future growth in population. Work is
underway  to  record  all  green  spaces  across  Cornwall  and  to  produce  Cornwall  wide 
standards of provision.

Healthcare: It is estimated that up to 3 additional GPs might be required to cater for
the  growth  in  population  (i.e.  approximately  1  doctor  per  1800  people  –  national 
standard).  Work  is  underway  to  check  that  the  GP  surgeries  have  the  physical 
capacity to provide additional services, or if additional surgeries will be required. Work
is also on-going to understand the additional dental services that would be required. 


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tags for 120101 | Infrastructure Planning – Town Framework | Cornwall Council

Jeremy Rowe LD | Egloshayle, St Breock, St Ervan, St Eval, St Issey, St Mabyn & St Tudy