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Emergency First Aid Advice via St John Ambulance

EMERGENCY FIRST AID ADVICE

If you fnd yourself in an emergency situation, try to stay calm and do what you can until emergency help arrives.

Assess the situation

  • Is it safe to approach the casualty?
  • Don’t put yourself in danger

Stay calm

  • Try to think clearly
  • Comfort and reassure the casualty

Give emergency help

  • Prioritise the most life threatening conditions
  • Try to treat any casualties where you find them
  • Ask bystanders to help you if they can
  • Call 999/112 for emergency help b

The Primary Survey

  • Use DR ABC to identify life threatening conditions
  • Remember the unresponsive casualties are at greatest risk.

Remember

Danger
Response
Airway
Breathing
Circulation

WHAT TO DO IF SOMEONE IS UNRESPONSIVE

1. Open their airway
2. Tilt head

 

3. Check for normal
breathing for up
to 10 seconds

4. If they’re breathing normally:

Put them in the recovery position
Then call 999/112 for emergency help
If they’re not breathing
Call 999/112 for emergency help
Start CPR.

WHAT TO DO IF SOMEONE IS UNRESPONSIVE AND NOT BREATHING NORMALLY

1. Call for help

Tell them to call 999/112 and fnd an AED

2. Pump

Give 30 Chest
compressions
at a rate of 100–
120 per minute

3. Breathe

Give two rescue breaths.
If unwilling or unable, do chest pumps only


Continue to pump and
give rescue breaths
until help arrives.
WHAT TO DO IF SOMEONE IS BLEEDING

1. Press it

2. Call 999/112 for emergency help

3. Secure dressing

with a bandage

to maintain pressure

4. Treat for shock.

WHAT TO DO IF SOMEONE IS IN SHOCK
1. Lie them down
Their legs should be raised and supported
2. Call 999/112 for emergency help 3. Loosen any tight clothing
4. Keep them comfortable and warm
5. Monitor their level of response
If they become unresponsive prepare to give CPR.

Make sure you have
life saving knowledge
at your fngertips.

 Download our free first aid app today.


© St John Ambulance 2017 I 27 St John’s Lane, London EC1M 4BU I Registered charity no. 1077265/1

via http://www.sja.org.uk/sja/pdf/SJA_emergency_first_aid_April2017.PDF

Emergency First Aid Advice via St John Ambulance

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